On the Importance of Including Cohesive Zone Models in modelling mixed-mode Aneurysm Rupture
Keywords:AAA, CZM, von Mises, delamination
The precise mechanism of rupture in AAAs has not yet been uncovered. The phenomenological failure criterion of the coefficient of proportionality between von Mises stress and tissue strength does not account for any mechanistic foundation of tissue fracture. Experimental studies have shown that arterial failure is a stepwise process of fibrous delamination (mode II) and kinking (mode I) between layers. Such a mechanism has not previously been considered for AAA rupture. In the current study we consider both von Mises stress in the wall, in addition to interlayer tractions and delamination using cohesive zone models. Firstly, we present a parametric investigation of the influence of a range of AAA anatomical features on the likelihood of elevated interlayer traction and delamination. We observe in several cases that the location of peak von Mises stress and tangential traction coincide. Our simulations also reveal however, that peak von Mises and intramural tractions are not coincident for aneurysms with Length/Radius less than 2 (short high-curvature aneurysms) and for aneurysms with symmetric ILT. Additionally, we present three patient-specific AAA models derived directly from CT scans, which also illustrate that the location of von Mises stress does not correlate with the point of interlayer delamination, suggesting that incorporating cohesive zone models into clinical based FE analyses may capture a greater proportion of ruptures in-silico.
Copyright (c) 2022 Jamie Concannon, Eamon O Máirtín, Brian FitzGibbon, niamh hynes, Sherif Sultan, Patrick mcGarry
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.