Tracking of buffet oscillations in transient simulations of a transonic airfoil using sliding-window Dynamic Mode Decomposition
Keywords:dynamic mode decomposition, transonic buffet, bifurcation analysis
Buffet is a self-sustaining oscillation that can endanger an aircraft in transonic flight. Early automatic detection of the onset of buffet from simulation data is a necessary step in optimization algorithms used to design new aircraft geometries. We use the Dynamic Mode Decomposition (DMD) eigenvalues to detect the onset of buffet from transient simulations of the OAT15A airfoil across a range of angles of attack. As during transients different eigenvalues may be expressed at different times, we process shorter segments of the data (sliding windows) in order to obtain robust, time-varying estimates of frequency of oscillation and decay/growth rates. We demonstrate that the onset of oscillation can be identified by analyzing DMD eigenvalues, and that physically different mechanisms of oscillation can additionally be identified from spatial profiles associated with DMD modes. The dominant buffeting modes can be detected through DMD before they become apparent in the physically-relevant quantities, such as the coefficient of lift. We expect that such early detection of the onset of buffet could reduce the computational burden of aircraft design and expand the feasible design space.
Copyright (c) 2023 Sathsara Dias, Marko Budisic, Pat Piperni, Brian Helenbrook
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