Preprint has been published in a journal as an article
DOI of the published article
Preprint / Version 1

Aponeurosis structure-function properties: Evidence of heterogeneity and implications for muscle function




Hyperelasticity, skeletal muscle, finite element, materials testing, microstructure, scanning electron microscopy


Aponeurosis is a sheath-like connective tissue that aids in force transmission from muscle to tendon and can be found throughout the musculoskeletal system. The key role of aponeurosis in muscle-tendon unit mechanics is clouded by a lack of understanding of aponeurosis structure-function properties. This work aimed to determine the heterogeneous material properties of porcine triceps brachii aponeurosis tissue with materials testing and evaluate heterogeneous aponeurosis microstructure with scanning electron microscopy. We found that aponeurosis may exhibit more microstructural collagen waviness in the insertion region (near the tendon) compared to the transition region (near the muscle midbelly) (1.20 versus 1.12, p=0.055), which and a less stiff stress-strain response in the insertion versus transition regions (p<0.05). We also showed that different assumptions of aponeurosis heterogeneity, specifically variations in elastic modulus with location can alter the stiffness (by more than 10x) and strain (by approximately 10% muscle fiber strain) of a finite element model of muscle and aponeurosis. Collectively, these results suggest that aponeurosis heterogeneity could be due to variations in tissue microstructure and that different approaches to modeling tissue heterogeneity alters the behavior of computational models of muscle-tendon units.


Download data is not yet available.